Tipo da ReferênciaConference Proceedings
Chave SecundáriaINPE--PRE/
Código do Detentorisadg {BR SPINPE} ibi 8JMKD3MGPCW/3DT298S
Chave de CitaçãoNolasco:2018:ExScFr
AutorNolasco, Camille Lanzarotti
AfiliaçãoInstituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)
Endereço de e-Mail do Autorcamille.nolasco@inpe.br
TítuloTowards adaptation of food systems to meet nutritional recommendations: exploring scenarios of fresh vegetable demand and production in Brazil
Nome do EventoAdaptation Futures: International Climate Change Adaptation Conference, 5
Data18-21 June
Localização do EventoCape Town, South Africa
ResumoDespite the production of enough food to feed all the people in the planet, every day 815 million people go hungry accordingly to The U.N. Food and Agriculture Organizations (FAO) 2017 report on the State of Food Security and Nutrition (SOFI). Feed the world with nutritious food with the lower impact on environments and ecosystems functions is the most important challenge of nowadays and linked with almost all the the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The World Health Organization recommends a daily consumption of 400 g of fruits and vegetables, an amount consumed in 2009 by only 18.9% of the Brazilian population. In 2014 Brazil´s Government launched a new Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population which encourage the consumption of raw vegetable, however little is known and mapped about fresh vegetable accessibility regarding the regional links between demand and production. Key issues in this sector must be tackled by government and civil society, not only to foster consumers appetite for healthier food, but more importantly, to diminish the gaps between local demand and production, fostering adaptations towards a sustainable food system. In this sense, this study aimed to developed vegetable demand scenarios in Brazil for 2008 and 2030, based on demand density maps built at the district level (> 300,000 units) using production census surveys, household acquisition data, and population growth estimates. We calculate and spatialize the demand for vegetables in each census tract creating detailed scenarios that could allow further investigation on the connections between demand, regional/local production, and their drivers. These maps are useful in the space-time understanding of the demand for food distribution from horticulture, and relevant both when considering the continental dimensions of Brazil and its immense spatial heterogeneity in relation to human and environmental dimensions, and the consequent need for public policies adapted to the different regions respecting their potential, customs and different vulnerabilities. The results revealed an imbalance in vegetable consumption between the southern and central northern regions of Brazil that follows food insecurity regional indicators. Even in more urbanized regions and metropolitan areas, where the best balance between vegetable production and acquisition is found, simulated demand is far from WHO recommendations. The National Plan for Food and Nutrition Security aimed to promote food and nutritional security with integrated actions to strengthen food production, including stimuli for small crop farming, alternative food supply channels, and the promotion of healthy/adequate food consumption. Nevertheless, food and nutritional security depends on a variety of public and private institutions, largely profit-prioritizing transnational corporations such as retail food chains and agrochemical industries, which promotes unequal access to fresh food. The failure to meet the National Plan reflects an institutional inability to apply efficient governance to the economic, ecological, and social dimensions of the problem at different spatial scales. The search for alternatives that consider all these dimensions across spatial scales has motivated this work, as understanding national demands for more nutritious and culturally accepted food is a first step to adapt food systems in the face of socioenvironmental changes. This work was the foundation to the Delivering Food Security on Limited Land (DEVIL) project in Brazil supported by Belmont Forum consortium.
Tipo SecundárioPRE CI
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Data de Acesso03 abr. 2020